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Founder's Massage

Astronomy: The source of great education for mankind to learn the greatness of the Universe.

◆Calendar and Time

 This message is extracted from the book written in Japanese by the Founder Rev. Yonosuke Nakano in February 1966. Some parts may be scientifically not appropriate. But, the deep imagination of the Founder deserves reader’s understanding.

It is amazing to note that the Universe is acting with its strong power of gravitation. Time is embedded in the extremely systematic and orderly function of the Universe, and the calendar represents time. Time is perceived in the rotation of the earth (Note.1). Calendars are based on the revolution of the earth that goes round the Sun once in 365 days and the movement of the Moon (Note.2) that goes round, while self revolving, the earth in about 27 days. Calendars reflect the Order of the Universe onto the life of human beings.

Going deeply into the historical truth, humans in ancient times driven by necessity created calendars combining years, months and days by observing and grasping the orderly movement of the Sun, the Moon and the stars. One year is roughly the period for the earth to revolve around the Sun, one month is approximately the span of time for the Moon to travel around the earth, and a day is the time for the earth to rotate on its axis once.

Year, month and day represent the movement of the heavenly bodies, and also indicate the past, present and future. A day dawns as the Sun rises in the east. The realm of the night is illuminated with a full moon. The calendar is based on the movements of the Sun and the Moon, to which human life is adjusted. The calendar is indispensable to all lives.

There are many kinds of calendars, such as the solar calendar, the lunar calendar, the luni-solar calendar, the astronomical calendar, the almanac, etc. The oldest type of calendar was based on the movement of the Moon. The most noticeable among numerous astronomical phenomena is the wax and wane of the Moon. Ancient people thus created the lunar calendar, which has been used in Islamic communities till today. Solar calendar, however, is popular as it conforms to the come and go of the seasons in accordance with the movement of the Sun.

Not many people pay much attention on calendars. In our daily life, however, when we refer to an event that took place in the past, we invariably describe the particular date, month and/or year when it did. “Koyomi” a Japanese word for calendar also implies “describing the past”. The calendar helps you to conjure up or chronicle the past. Asked when you were born, you may reply by mentioning the date, month and year in the past. It is the intrinsic part of the calendar, and thus “the calendar” can be described as “the subject” that gives birth to all beings.

The calendar and time are inseparable each other. If you separate them, you would be in chaos ? in the dark without orderly circulations, rhythms or disciplines. You can’t afford to take the Sun and the Moon lightly. When you realize the true nature of the working of the heavenly bodies, you will be impressed by their significance. The movements, configurations and functions of the Sun, the Moon and fixed stars provide us time. We should realize that our life is controlled by them. The calendar also represents the law of nature ? orderly circulations and functions of the Universe, which guides all life forms in harmony with each other. If humanity had not have the calendar, their thoughts would have gone astray, their promises could have never been fulfilled. Although this may sound weird, it is true that the calendar has been created in consultation with the Sun, the Moon and the stars.

Japanese Standard Time is established with the time when the mean Sun comes to the meridian, being the noontime, of Akashi at 135 degrees east longitude. So at locations other than at 135 degrees east longitude, the Sun is not actually culminating there even as they receive the 12:00noon time signal. Countries with wide east-west lands, they divide local standard times every 15 degrees longitude in accordance with their convenience.

Greenwich Mean Time, the time at Greenwich in England on the line of zero degree longitude, is used for calculating time everywhere in the world. It, however has nothing to do with most of the people in their daily life. Each country has its own Standard Time, and travelers have to adjust their watches to local Standard Times. Such time changes might have been causing considerable inconveniences to travelers.

Establishment of a single Universal Standard Time for all human beings, should it be realized, would lead to spiritual soundness and healthy thoughts for all. A day may be  divided into 12 hours in the new Universal Standard Time. Currently 24 hours comprise a day, with the forenoon of 12 hours and the afternoon of the remaining 12 hours. One has to put am or pm to indicate time ? not an easy a bit.

Time and calendar cannot be separated. The calendar is equivalent to time, and vice versa. One day is equal to 24 hours, one month consists of 30 days and 12 months make up one year. They are the spans of time in the calendar. The single Universal Standard Time will lead to the unity of people’s thought and mind. Time, day, month and year are established on the basis of the movements of the Sun and the Moon. History has been controlled by time throughout the past and will be so today and future.

Human beings should enhance the richness of spirituality as days, months and years will pass by in order to overcome material-based science barrier. Then will come the establishment of true Universal Standard Time and calendar based on it. I am confident that people will come closer each other in terms of both spirituality and science. They will have better communications and understanding without articulation. They will  realize the importance of Time that ultimately benefits them. They will naturally be granted a calendar of time, day and month, conducive to sound advance of humanity.



 This is a quotation from the book written by the Founder Rev. Yonosuke Nakano in February 1966. Some parts of the articles may not scientifically be appropriate. Readers may appreciate his deep imagination.

Note 1: A day is the time the Sun reaches the meridian transit twice after the earth rotates around the Sun. The self revolving cycle of the earth is about 24 hours..
Note 2: A month, i.e. the cycle of the moon’s face viewed from the earth, called synodic month, is about 29.5 days. The rotation cycle of the moon around the earth, called sidereal month, is 27.3 days.

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